Question Paper – Analytical Reasoning – IRMA MBA Exam


Sample papers


Institute of Rural Management Anand MBA Exam 2010

Subject – Analytical Reasoning




                Directions—(Q. 1-5) each of the questions below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read both the statements and give answer—

(A) If the data in statement I alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement II alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

(B) If the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in statement I alone are not sufficient to answer the question.

(C) If the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.

(D) If the data given in both the statements I & II together are not sufficient to answer the question, and

(E) If the data in both are statements I & II together are necessary to answer the question.

 

1. Towards which direction village M is located with respect to village P?

I. Village P is to the North-East of village T. II. Village M is to the South of village T.

2. How is D related to W?

I. W has only one brother.                             II. D’s mother R has only two daughters of which one is W.

3. How many daughters does R have?

I. B and D are sisters of K.                             II. J is husband of R and father of K.

4. How is ‘never’ written in a code language?

I. ‘Never come back’ is written as ‘na ta pa’ in that code language.

II. ‘Come home now’ is written as ‘ta ja ma’ in that code language.

5. On which day of the week did Mohan visit temple?

I. Mohan visited temple two days before his mother visited temple.

II. Mohan’s mother visited temple three days after her sister visited temple.

Directions—(Q. 6-10) study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below—

P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are seven students of an institute of Management studies belonging to three specializations—Finance, Marketing and HR with at least two in each specialization. Each of them has a different choice of soft drink from Coca-cola, Pepsi, Thums-up, Sprite, Limca, Fanta and 7-up but not necessarily in the same order.

R has HR specialization and his choice of soft drink is 7-up. V does not like either Pepsi or Fanta and has the same specialization of only W among them. Q’s specialization is same as that of P but neither HR nor Finance. T’s specialization is not HR and he likes Sprite. The one who likes Coca-cola does not have specialization of either Finance or Marketing. P likes Thums-up. The one who likes Fanta does not have Marketing specialization.

6. What is Q’s favourite soft drink?

(a) Coca-cola         (b) 7-up                 (c) Fanta                (d) Pepsi                (e) None of these

7. What is S’s favourite soft drink?

(a) Fanta                (b) Thums-up        (c) Coca-cola         (d) Data inadequate (e) None of these

8. Which of the following specializations does three of them have?

(a) Finance             (b) Marketing        (c) HR                   (d) Data inadequate (e) None of these

9. What is V’s vavourite soft drink?

(a) Pepsi                (b) Sprite               (c) Fanta                (d) Coca-cola         (e) None of these

10. What is W’s specialization?

(a) Finance             (b) Marketing        (c) HR                   (d) Data inadequate (e) None of these

11. In a certain code ‘go home how’ is written as ‘5 7 3’ and ‘home and office’ is written as ‘2 8 5’. How is ‘go’ written in that code?

(a) 3                       (b) 7                      (c) 3 or 7               (d) Data inadequate (e) none of these

12. in a certain code COLD is written as ‘52$%’ and LAME is written as ‘$19#’. How is COME written in that code?

(a) 5#92                 (b) 529#                (c) 52#2                 (d) 519#                (e) None of these

13. If it is possible to make only one meaningful word with the first, the fourth, the seventh and the eleventh letters of the word eleventh letters of the word HYPERMARKET, which of the following will be the third letter of that word? If no such word can be formed, give ‘X’ as the answer be formed, give ‘Y’ as the answer.

(a) T                      (b) E                      (c) A                      (d) X                      (e) Y

14. In a certain code CENTURY is written as OFDUZSV. How is BEARING written in that code?

(a) BFCSHOJ        (b) CFBSHOJ        (c) BFCQHOJ        (d) BFCSJOH        (e) None of these

15. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) Mustard            (b) Ginger              (c) Rapeseed          (d) Sesame             (e) Groundnut

16. Among M, T, R, V and W, each has a different height. T is taller than only W. R is shorter than M but taller than V. Who is the third tallest among them?

(a) R                      (b) W                     (c) T                      (d) Data inadequate (e) none of these

17. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) Mind                (b) Ear                   (c) Leg                   (d) Hand                (e) Eye

18. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) 85                     (b) 65                    (c) 185                   (d) 165                  (e) 145

19. ‘Monsoon’ is related to ‘Season’ in the same way as ‘April’ is related to …….?

(a) Spring              (b) Autumn            (c) Winter              (d) Month              (e) none of these

20. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

(a) Potassium         (b) Magnesium      (c) Nitrogen           (d) Oxygen            (e) Iron

Directions—(Q. 21-25) in the following questions, the symbols @, ©, #, %, and $ are used with the following meaning as illustrated below:

‘P # Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’.

‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’.

‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’.

‘P % Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’.

‘P © Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’.

Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the three conclusions I, II and III given below them is / are definitely true?

21. Statements:

K © N, N @ D, D $ W

Conclusions:          I. D# K

II. W #N

III. W $ K

(a) Only I is true                                  (b) Only I and II are true

(c) Only I and III are true                    (d) Only II and III are true

(e) None of these

22. Statements:

H © M, M # T T $ D

Conclusions:          I. D % M

II. T @ H

III. D % H

(a) Only I is true                                  (b) Only III is true

(c) Only I and II are true                      (d) Only II and III are true

(e) None of these

23. Statements:

F # T, T $ E, E % R

Conclusions:          I. R $ T

II. R # T

III. F % E

(a) Only I is true                                  (b) Only either I or II is true

(c) Only either II and III is true           (d) only II is true

(e) None of these

24. Statements:

M % R, R $ T, T # J

Conclusions:          I. J $ R

II. M % T

III. M % J

(a) None is true                                    (b) Only I is true

(c) Only II is true                                 (d) Only II and III are true

(e) Only I and Ii are true

25. Statements:

J @ M, M % B, B © K

Conclusions:          I. J $ B

II. J $ K

III. K $ M

(a) Only I is true                                  (b) Only II is true

(c) Only I and II is true                        (d) Only III is true

(e) None of these

Directions—(Q. 26-30) in each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer—

(a) If only assumption I is implicit.      (b) If only assumption II is implicit.

(c) If either I or II is implicit.               (d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

(e) If both I and II are implicit.

26. Statement: The prestigious management institute has decided to admit in its post-graduate programme students having work experience of at least three years.

Assumptions:

I. There may be adequate number of students having work experience of at least three years who are desirous of joining the institute.

II. The management institute may dilute the condition if it does not receive adequate number of applications.

27. Statement: The credit cooperative society has decided to increase the upper limit of loan to Rs. 3 lakhs.

Assumptions:

I. There may be demands from the members to take loan upto Rs. 3 lakhs.

II. The credit cooperative society may have enough money to disburse such loans.

28. Statement: The High Court located in the city has ordered the municipal corporation to repair all the roads within the next fortnight.

Assumptions:

I. The municipal corporation has the capability of carrying out the repair work within the next fortnight.

II. The vehicle owners may start an agitation against the municipal corporation.

29. Statement: In view of the increase in fares announced by different airlines, Mahesh decided to travel by train to attend his friend’s wedding in Delhi.

Assumptions:

I. Railways also may increase fares in near future.

II. Mahesh may be able to get reservation in a suitable train to Delhi before the wedding date.

30. Statement: Govt. has recently allowed the private medical colleges to increase the fees by about 30 per cent over the previous year’s fees.

Assumptions:

I. The private medical colleges may not agree with 30 per cent increase and demand for more hike.

II. The guardians of the students may disagree with the Govt.’s decision and boycott the admission process.

Directions—(Q. 31-35) in each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Give answer—

(a) If only I follows.                            (b) If only II follows.

(c) If either I or II follows.                  (d) If neither I nor II follows.

(e) If both I and II follow.

31. Statement: The conditions of most of the arterial roads in the city have deteriorated following heavy downpour during the past fortnight due to bad quality of bitumen and other material.

Courses of action:

I. Government should immediately suspend the officials responsible for maintenance of the city roads.

II. Government should evolve a mechanism to monitor the quality of all the roads throughout the year.

32. Statement: The private utility company has decided to increase the power tariff by about 40 per cent with immediate effect though the state owned Power Company has increase by only 10 per cent.

Courses of action:

I. the Govt. should instruct the private utility company to increase the tariff by only 10 per cent

II. The Govt. should penalize the private utility company for announcing such high increase.

33. Statement: The cost of raw materials required for manufacturing passenger cars have increased considerably resulting into reduction in demand for mid-sized passenger cars.

Courses of action:

I. the Government should provide tax rebate to the manufactures to bring down the price level.

II. The passenger car manufacturing companies should rationalize pricing of passenger cars of different segment to boost sales in near future.

34. Statement: There is an exodus of good students from the vernacular medium schools to the nearby English medium schools in the locality.

Courses of action:

I. The management of the vernacular medium schools should immediately set up a joint action committee to find out the reason for the exodus and find ways to reverse the trend.

II. The management of the English medium schools should immediately set up a joint action committee to regulate the exodus to accommodate the next students as per their capacity.

35. Statement: There has been sudden increase in the number of migrants from rural areas to big cities in the recent past causing extensive pressure on the meager resources of the civic amenities.

Courses of action:

I. The concerned civic authority should immediately put a complete ban on entry of migrant population.

II. The Government should immediately set up a task force with a mandate to find ways to reduce to influx of migrant population in the big cities.

Directions—(Q. 36-40) an HR firm wants to recruit trainees who can be their future HR—Professionals. Following are the criteria for selection. The candidate must—

(i) Be a first class graduate in any discipline with minimum 60% marks.

(ii) Have completed postgraduate degree/diploma in management with specialization in HR/Personnel securing at least 65% marks.

(iii) Have cleared the selection test with at least 60% marks and interview with at least 55% marks.

(iv) Be willing to work anywhere in India.

(v) Be not less than 21 years of age and not more than 25 years of age as on 1.8.2008.

However, if a candidate satisfies all the above criteria accept—

(a) At (i) above but has secured at least 55% marks in graduation and at least 70% marks in postgraduate management degree/diploma in HR, the case may be referred to General manager (GM)-HR.

(b) At (ii) above but has completed postgraduate degree/ diploma in management with specialization in HR/personnel securing at least 55% marks and has a working experience of at least one year, the case may be referred to Executive Director (ED).

In each question below, details of one candidate is provided. You have to take an appropriate decision based on the information provided and the criteria indicated above and mark your answer as one of the choices given below. You are not to assume anything other than the information provided in each question. All these cases are given to you as on 1.8.2008. Mark answer—

(A) If the candidate is to be selected.

(B) If the data provided are inadequate to take a decision.

(C) If the case is to be referred to GM-HR.

(D) If the case is to be referred to ED.

(E) If the candidate is not to be selected.

36. Akhilesh Badve is a B.Sc. (IT) with 56% marks and MBA-HR with 76% marks. He has completed 24 years of age on 15th June 2008. He is willing to work anywhere in India. He has cleared the selection test and interview with 65% marks each.

37. Shirish Balsekar is an Engineering graduate passed in first class with 63% marks and PGDBM-HR with 69% marks. He has secured 73% marks in selection test and 67% marks in interview. He is willing to work anywhere in India. His date of birth is 16.9.1983.

38. Kavita Nikhar is a Arts graduate with Economic as major, passed out in first class with 66% marks. She has also passed MBA-personnel with 68% marks. She has secured 62% marks in interview and 64% marks in selection test. Her date of birth is June 27, 1985.

39. Sheela Neve, is B.A. passed with 57% marks and MBA-HR with 73% marks. She has secured 67% marks in selection test and 62% marks in interview. She is willing to work anywhere in India.

40. Ruchira Wadia is a Science graduate passed in first class with 67% marks and MBA-HR with 73% marks. She has obtained 72% marks in selection test and 62% marks in interview. She is willing to work anywhere in India. She completed 23 years of age on May 14, 2008.

Directions—(Q. 41-45) below in each question are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effect of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements. Mark answer—

(A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.

(B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.

(C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes.

(D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

(E) If both the statements I and Ii are effects of some common cause.

41. I. This year, the Government has decided to procure food grain earlier than stipulated date.

II. This year, the Government has decided to sell their crops to private traders.

42. I. Many people have been reported to be suffering from a rare form of malaria in the city.

II. There are a large number of cases of patients suffering from gastroenteritis being treated in various civic hospitals in the city.

43. I. Majority of the Govt. school teachers in the town joined the one-day strike called by the local teachers’ union.

II. The state Govt. has recently imposed ban on the teachers of the Govt. schools joining private coaching classes.

44. I. Many villages in the district are marooned as the river overflowed the banks and many people have managed to survive on the tree tops and whichever place they could find above water.

II. The district administration has sent relief teams to the affected villages to rescue the stranded villagers and have sent supplies of food and water to the nearby villages.

45. I. The Government has decided to reduce the excise duty on petroleum products by five per cent with immediate effect.

II. The demands for crude oil in the international market has increased substantially in the recent months.

Directions—(Q. 46-50) below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. Mark answer—

(A) If the inference is ‘definitely true’ i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given.

(B) If the inference is ‘probably true’ though not ‘definitely true’ in the light of the facts given.

(C) If the ‘data are inadequate’ i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.

(D) If the inference is ‘probably false’, though not ‘definitely false’ in the light of the facts given.

(E) If the inference is ‘definitely false’, i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts. Given or it contradicts the given facts.

When the world rice prices hit $1,000 per tonne in May 2008, more than doubling over five months, Asian Governments were forced to take a serious look at their neglected agricultural sectors. Before the Asian economic miracle of the 1980s and ‘90s, there was the green revolution of the 1960s. Asia’s green revolution combined the introduction of high-yield seeds for staple crops such as maize, wheat and rice with massive public expenditure on rural infrastructure. Productivity soared and famine became a thing of the past. Taxes on agriculture, mainly on exports, helped finance a shift in development strategies in the 1980s towards industry and services, building modern economic on the shoulders of the poor farmers. Today most agricultural taxes have been dropped.

46. The agriculture products exports were never taxed in Asian countries.

47. High breed varieties of cereals were introduced in the developed countries in the early fifties.

48. The world price of rice was about $200 per tonne in January 2008.

49. Development of industrial activities got boosted in the eighties in the Asian countries.

50. The Govt. of Asian countries effected huge expenditure on agricultural activities in the sixties.

Answer these Questions:-

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

E

E

D

D

D

D

C

B

E

A

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

C

B

E

A

B

E

A

D

D

A

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

A

E

B

A

D

A

E

A

B

D

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

D

E

A

B

B

C

A

B

B

A

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

48

49

50

B

D

B

E

E

E

C

C

A

A





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