How to study Engineering in Foreign Countries?
BASIC INFORMATION TO STUDY IN THE
INSTITUTES/ UNIVERSITIES OF THE USA FOR
Many Indian Students wish to study in the University of the USA in the field of engineering and technology but they do not get proper information regarding admission procedure. Brief information is provided here to guide the students for courses in the discipline of engineering and technology in the United States
The information regarding the procedure of getting details of universities are given below. It was not possible to give details of universities are given below. It was not possible to give detail of courses and universities of USA in the field of engineering in this chapter. However the USEFI addresses are given at the end of this chapter.
Students are advised to contact or apply these USEFI officers to get the details.
Applicant for admission is evaluated on the basis of his academic record at school and college. It should be superior, not just above average.
There are several goods reason for the advise that only the excellent student should try to go abroad for his advanced degrees :
1. New kinds of food, strange social customs, and very different educational systems are just a few of the puzzling things which a student from overseas encounters in the United States., Above average students, as a rule, find it easier to adjust to the new environment. They also generally perform well academically during the period of adjustment. Under qualified and very young students usually fall behind academically while coping with the general adjustment problems of living in a different culture.
2. Colleges and universities in the U.S. are facing severe financial constraints. They are unable to expand existing facilities to accommodate foreign students, or to offer financially assistance to them. Therefore, they have become more selective to their consideration of admission applications. Thus the foreign student must have excellent credentials if his application is to be considered at all.
Be certain that you meet the following requirement before you apply for admission to a college or university in the United States:
(a) have completed three or four years of college level work after higher secondary school or 4 years of college after 10+2 level in India;
(b) have adequate funds to meet your expenses while you are at a university. University in the United States occasionally give financial assistance to foreign students, but the competition for these funds is very keen and only the top few students can expect to receive such aid and that too after being at a university for at least one academic year ;
(c) Meet the requirements of the Reserve Bank of India so as to be able to obtain a foreign exchange permit. The Evaluation, Testing and Advising Section of the U.S. Educational Foundation in India may be able to supply information about these requirements. However, we suggest that you write directly to the Reserve Bank of India at New Delhi, Bombay or Madras.
Cost of Education
U.S. Government regulations require a foreign student to show proof prior to entry that he has adequate funds to meet all his expenses in the United States. However, if you intend to pay your own expenses you should check l with then Reserve Band of India regarding your eligibility to obtain foreign exchange permit for the amount you require for education. The cost of education varies with the location of the university you are joining. The fees can be revised by the universities any time without notice. So you must check the current cost of the particular university you plan to join. This information is available with the student Advisers of the foundational its offices to Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and New Delhi.
Cost is an important factor when you are choosing the universities you considers joining. An academic year at one U.S. University the university can cost $ 15000 to $ 50000. Often student’s enquirer abjurer the average cost in an American university with such a wide range, average, is not a very meaningful concept. Therefore, the student is advised to check on the exact current cost of the university he plans to join.
Selection of Universities
Which university to study at must have been a big question in your mind. There are hundred of accredited universities in the United Stared offering numerous courses in various specializations. You are referred to study in the catalogues room to screen through these universities and make a smaller list of universities which would suit you from the posing of view of precise courses, cost, location, the kind of housing available the size of the
University, financial and available, etc.
Application for Admission
Admission to an American university is obtained by direct correspondence. You should write to the director of Admission of each university you are interested in. Your first request to a university is for admission materials and it should contain a brief description of your educational background and academic objectives. This application should be made eleven months in advance of the session you plan to join the university. It should not go much earlier because American university do not keep application be made on a prescribed ”Request for Application Materials from ” (RAM From), RAM forms printed on aerogram can be bought from all offices of the U.S. Educations Foundation in India Samples forms are also available.
The Director of admissions at the U.S. university will carefully review the information in your RAM from. He will then either send you an application form for admission along with other form for admission along with other forms and instructions, or, he will write explaining why it does not seem practical for you to apply for the programme you haave indicated.
It is suggested that you should not restrict your ” Request for Application” only to well known universities like Harvard, Columbia or Yale, These well known universities receive thousands of requests for admission and scholarships from all over the world. You should study the catalogues of various percentage of those who apply. You should study the catalogues of various universities and select a sufficiently large number of universities that are offering the programmes of study in various disciplines but are not internationally so well known. These Institutions are often keen to encourage international education add might be able to offer limited financial assistance to for in students. You will be advised to approach these.
When you receive an application form from a college or university, it should be completed and returned as quickly as possible. Be certain you include all other forms and documents which may be required.
If an English test or any other test is required, you should register for it as soon as possible, You are advised not to argue or represent for waivers from admission tests. U.S. university follow admission rules closely and do not like correspondence regarding waivers.
The college or university where you apply will give you exact instructions about which academic documents to send to them. Scholastic records submitted to a U.S. college or university must be official. i.e. signed and sealed by the appropriate school authority. These documents are called “credentials” or “transcripts” As no Indian university has a system to issue such transcripts, American universities accept Photostat copies of certificates and marks sheet.
After they are attested as true copies by an official of the ETA Section of the U;; Educational Foundation in India. Typed copied of these document are notl attested by the USEFI.
Certificates and mark sheets in Hindi or any other language should be translated by a professor f the university department equally proficient in English and the language in which the documents have been written. Each translation should be literal as possible, remaining true to the actual wording so that it may e interpreted in the context of your educational background, Photostat copies of this translated version. duly attested by the ETA Section of the Useful should be submitted to the university.
Some universities require the applicant to pay $ 15 – 25 as application fee. A dollar draft is issued by the reserve Bank of India for this purpose. You should contact the Foreign Exchange Department of any nationalized bank and secure this draft. American universities rarely waive this fee. So another screening of the universities becomes necessary at this stage. You need to assess your chances of securing admission at each one of the universities and make deposits of admission fees only at the institutions that are most likely to admit you.
Address of American Universities
The Student Adviser at USEFI will provide list of addresses of American universities to applicants when he/she is satisfied that the criteria listed below have been met :
(a) The applicant’s educational qualifications are in accordance with the requirements set by the universities.
(b) The exact subject in which you are interested in studying is fully explained, e.g., to say Engineering is not enough, you should give the specific branch, i.e., electrical, civil, mechanical, etc.
(c) Assurance that you are eligible for the specific course you want to study. The applicant must have sufficient background and preparation to pursue his desired area of study. For example, a B.Sc. student should not assume that he will be admitted for a Master’s course in Businesses Administration; or a medical candidate should not expect to be admitted for a B.S. in Engineering of Agriculture. Additional training will be required to are up deficiencies. It is not change your subject or degree objectives, because your credentials will be checked by the American universities concerned. As a result, you might behold to take extra courses before you can be admitted to their degree course.
Foreign Student Information Clearing House
A serviced is now being made available through which a student will obtain a list of universities which meet the conditions the species in his form. The form is available with a booklet from the advisers in Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and New Delhi. Your completed form will be processed by a computer which will give you the names of institutions that best fit the characteristics you identified on your Student Specification forms as well as important information about them. There may be as many as 18 institutions included on the report, as few as four. For each institution on the report you will learn of costs for attending, admissions test requirements, the possible availability of financial aid, how many students from overseas are enrolled and more. A fee of Rs. 40.00 only will be charged for this service.
You can then consult the specific catalogues for more detailed information about these universities and discuss them with the Student Adviser.
Address of American Professors
The foundation does not maintain a record of professors serving in the various departments of the over 2700 American universities and colleges. Moreover, there are frequent faculty changes in all the universities. It is sufficient to write to the Director of Admissions or to the Foreign Student Adviser at the university or college of your choice.
Helpful Information about U.S. Colleges and Universities
Semester or Quarter System
Many U.S. universities operate on an academic year of nine months:
September to June. All course, however, are only a semester in length. A semester is equal to one-half year, or eighteen weeks.
Some other universities use the quarter system. A calendar year is divided into ‘quarter ‘each quarter being, on an average, twelve weeks long. Under this scheme, courses are given during all four quarters. Thus, a student may attend school almost throughout the year. Obviously, quarter course are shouter in duration and more credits are required for a degree than the semester credits.
Major and Minor
The field of specialization chosen by a student is called his’ Major’.
Generally, a university will state certain required courses which one must take, categories of courses from which a student must choose one or two and various other conditions.
A ‘Minor’ is a subsidiary field of specialization. There are fewer requirements attached to a minor than there are for a major.
Credits of semester Hours
A credit, or semester hour, is used to measure a student’s advancement in meeting his academic requirements for his degree. To obtain a bachelor’s degree about 132 to 140 credits, or semester hours, are required.
The number of credits, or semester hours, given for the successful completion of a course is equal to the number of hours per week that the class meets. For example, a students enrolled in a three-credit course would be required to attend classes three hours each week thought the semester: two or three laboratory periods are usually considered to be equivalent of one hour spent in a classroom.
Prerequisite refers to the qualifications which the student must have fulfilled in order to attend specific courses. Prerequisite course, or qualifications, is usually certain undergraduate or first semester course.
There is no single agency or government department in the United Sates which controls the institutions for higher education. The universities and colleges maintain their own high standards by membership in what are known as accrediting associations. These associations admit only those institutions which met the criteria of educational excellence and a high professional standard of instruction which of course is set by the membership itself, any foreign student is well advised to obtain his degree from an accredited university or college.
Preparing for Departure
Where you are accepted for admission to an American university, you are notified by a letter from the institution. They will also send you a form 1-20 (Certificate of Eligibility), or 1AP 66. Upon receipt of the form and the letter you should write to the nearest American Consular Office, at least one month before your departure, to obtain information amour how to apply for an F-1 or J-1, i.e., students or visitor visa respectively.
Meanwhile, you should immediately apply to the Regional Passport Office for a Passport. If you plan to pay for your studies with rupee funds in India, you should also present a copy of your letter of admission to the Foreign Exchange Controller of the Reserve Bank of India and obtain a Foreign Exchange Permit.
Application for a Student Visa
The following materials must be presented to Consular Office by you at the time you apply for visa;
(a) Form 1-20 or 1AP-66 (obtained directly from the university you will attend)
(b) Passport (obtained fro the Regional Passport Office)
(c) Evidence of financial support
(d) One passport size photograph
(e) English Proficiency Test Report (only in some regions)
(f)For medical graduates wanting to go for clinical work VQE (Visa Qualifying Examination) is required. This test is not administered in India. For details and centers where Indian students can appear, you should consult the VQE booklet available from the Student Advisers at the offices of USEFI or write to 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, 19104, USA.
If you are qualified in all respects, you can usually be issued a visa the same day. Incomplete documents or failure to substantiate your student status ay result in a delay or a denial of visa.
Information concerning passports is available from the Regional passport Officer nearest to your place of residence. You should approach the Deputy Commissioner or the District Magistrate in your area for help in obtaining the passport forms and filling the application for a passport.
Travel information is available from well known travel agents, e.g., the American Express Company, Inc., Pan American World Airways and others. Sea Passages are difficult to obtain on shot notice. They should be applied for well in advance of your scheduled departure date.
Assistant at the Port of Entry
The Internationals Student Service provides assistance to foreign students on arrival in USA. Should you wish for assistance at the port of entry in the United States, you may write to the appropriate office?
1. The International Student Service, 291, Broadway, New York 10017.
2. The International Student Service, 291 Geary Streets, Francisco, California, 94102.
3. The international Student Service, 4050, Wilshire Boulevard Los Angeles, California 90005.
When requesting assistance, you should send the following information’s:
1. Your name
3. Destination in the U.S. (Name of college, university hospital, etc.)
5. Scheduled port of entry
6. Name of airline and flight number/name of ship and steamship line.
USEFE Student Advisers Officers
Student Adviser Student Adviser
USEFI USEFI Regional Office
12 Hailey Road 8 Short Street
New Delhi-110001 Calcutta-700018
Student Adviser Student Adviser
USEFI Regional Office USEFI Regional Office
“Sundeep” American Consulate Building,,
4 New Marine Lines Mount Road
Chanakyapuri, New Delhi-11002
“Sundeep “, 4 New Marine Lines, Bombay-400020
5/1 Ho Chi Minh Sarani, /Calcutta-700071
Mount Road, Madras-600006
Regional Passport Offices
Shastri Bhavan, Central Govt, Building, 2nd Floor. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi
Army and Navy Building, 148, Mahatma Gandhi Road, Bombay,
Brabourne Road, Calcutta
Shastri Bhavan, No. 12 Hoddows Road, Nungambakkam, Madras.
American Centre, 24, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi-110001
“Sundeep”, 4, New Marine Lines, Bombay400020
5/1 Ho Chi Minh Sarani, /Calcutta-700071
Mount Road, Madras-600006
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